Articles - Security Science Journal
Hic Sunt Dracones! Russia Enters The Mediterranean
(Vol. 3 No. 1, 2022. Security Science Journal)
There are three major factors that attract Russia to the Mediterranean: a profusion of potential for military conflicts in the region, similarly abundant fossil fuel reserves, and the on-again-off-again stand-off with NATO in Eastern Europe.
Objavljeno: 26 Mar 2022 05:16:00 PM
The Strategic Relevance Of The Mediterranean: Local Instabilities And International Threats
(Vol. 3 No. 1, 2022. Security Science Journal)
Observing the Mediterranean basin as a one-way communication route leading from Africa to European ports has often limited the debate on security in the Mediterranean to strengthening the defence of southern European borders. This offers only a partial assessment of a much more relevant geographical area, especially taking into consideration its southern side.
Objavljeno: 26 Mar 2022 05:13:00 PM
Russia’s Ambitious Foreign And National Security Policy
(Vol. 3 No. 1, 2022. Security Science Journal)
Facilitated by developments such as globalization and the spread of networked and hyper-connected technologies, new safety and security challenges arise and impact local, national, regional, and international levels, which dramatically increases their complexity and scale. When a security challenge has a global impact, it means that it may affect countries around the globe, but the source of the risk may be local. The global nature of contemporary security issues implies that they do not limit themselves to national borders.
Objavljeno: 26 Mar 2022 05:11:00 PM
Ethiopia – Conflicts In Three Frontlines
(Vol. 3 No. 1, 2022. Security Science Journal)
Over the past few decades, Ethiopia has enjoyed internal stability in one of the least stable regions on the African continent. During this period Ethiopia enjoyed economic prosperity and leading political status in the African continent and beyond. The article will present the 3 arenas of conflict that Ethiopia has to deal with today and will suggest ways to prevent further escalation of the internal conflict in Ethiopia and the deterioration of the crises into a regional violent conflict.
Objavljeno: 26 Mar 2022 05:10:00 PM
The Impact Of Crises On The Activities Of International Missions
(Vol. 3 No. 1, 2022. Security Science Journal)
Peacekeeping operations are a special mechanism that resolves armed conflicts, contributing to the maintenance of peace and international security. For this reason, they are an important and permanent element of international politics. The COVID-19 crisis has demonstrated the importance of resilience to strategic shocks (such as pandemics) as part of national and regional security. This was evident in national health systems, supply chains for critical supplies (e.g., PPE and respirators), strategic communication and disinformation, and cybersecurity.
Objavljeno: 26 Mar 2022 05:09:00 PM
Eurasianism As A Geopolitical Ideology - Geopolitical Consequences Of Potential Russian Ukrainian Conflict
(Vol. 3 No. 1, 2022. Security Science Journal)
Eurasianism is a political movement in Russia that assumes that Russian civilization does not belong to the European or Asian category, but to the geopolitical concept of Eurasia. The movement originally supported the Bolshevik Revolution but not its stated goals of enacting communism, seeing the Soviet Union as a stepping stone on the way to creating a new national identity that would reflect the unique nature of Russia's geopolitical position.
Objavljeno: 26 Mar 2022 05:08:00 PM
The Restrains On Egypt's National Security Towards The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam
(Vol. 3 No. 1, 2022. Security Science Journal)
The Nile is considered as the “Life Line” of Egypt, since ancient times. As such, Egypt relates to any real or potential threat, as a potential conflict. Other water sources are scarce, and bound to be affected by climate changes, as noted by El-Nahry & Doluschitz (2010: 1498). Their study focused in the Egyptian coastal wetland ecosystems, such as salt marshes, which are particularly vulnerable to rising sea level.
Objavljeno: 26 Mar 2022 05:07:00 PM
Amidst Considerable Challenges, Maritime Cooperation Is A Pillar Of Stability And Security In The Mediterranean
(Vol. 3 No. 1, 2022. Security Science Journal)
State fragility has created areas of limited statehood, in which alternative forms of governance—from militias to municipalities, international donors to civil society—have stepped in and in which foreign powers have meddled. Through such interference, global and regional rivalries have exacerbated and have found fertile ground.
Objavljeno: 26 Mar 2022 05:06:00 PM
The Securitized Energy Relationship: The EU And Russia Political And Security Discourses
(Vol. 3 No. 1, 2022. Security Science Journal)
In today’s international relations, Energy security and security issues appear to be extremely intertwined. Hence, this paper aims to identify the significance of securitization of the energy relationship between Russia and EU countries by both sides and its influence on the Energy Security on the regional security complex between EU countries and Russia.
Objavljeno: 26 Mar 2022 05:05:00 PM
China-EU Two-Level Cooperation And Challenges On Public Health During The COVID-19
(No. 2, 2021. Security Science Journal)
China has actively provided public health aid to Central and Eastern European countries and shared the Anti-COVID-19 experience. In this article, the author reviewed the progress and mechanism of China-EU public health cooperation, discussed how China and the EU have jointly dealt with the pandemic by sharing experience, providing aids, strengthening multilateralism and international cooperation, and building a community with a healthy future for humankind since the outbreak of COVID-19. Facing the COVID-19, China-EU health cooperation should be further strengthened to show the importance of a community with a shared future for humanity.
Objavljeno: 13 Dec 2021 06:59:00 PM
Impacts of Digital Transformation on Mobility and Transportation Sector- Analysis of the Frequency of Mobility Users Before and During The COVID-19 Crisis
(No. 2, 2021. Security Science Journal)
https://doi.org/10.37458/ssj.2.2.8The public transport sector PT during COVID-19 pandemic was affected directly, which is an inevitable result that disrupted the system. This paper will investigate through an online questionnaire survey the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and the digital transformation on transportation modes and activities by evaluating the current situation and assessing future transportation sustainability and whether it will continue to recover appropriately. 
Objavljeno: 13 Dec 2021 06:48:00 PM
Optimizing Perimeter Surveillance Drones to enhance the security system of unmanned aerial vehicles (Case Study: Jordan)
(No. 2, 2021. Security Science Journal)
This work is to optimize perimeter surveillance and explore the distribution of ground bases for unmanned aerial vehicles along the Jordanian border and optimize the set of technologies for each aerial vehicle. This model is part of ongoing research on perimeter security systems based on unmanned aerial vehicles.
Objavljeno: 13 Dec 2021 06:36:00 PM
The European Environmental Security Agenda: From Concept to Implementation
(No. 2, 2021. Security Science Journal)
The threat of environmental issues to national security has been the dominant approach among the many distinct interpretations. In 2008, environmental concerns, particularly climate change, were addressed for the first time in the context of EU security. The European security community frequently considers environmental aspects; however, this is usually limited to a strategic level before moving to implementation. In this article, we illustrate how environmental security has evolved, how it has permeated the European security community, and how it might advance further to secure the security of European citizens better.
Objavljeno: 13 Dec 2021 06:11:00 PM
China-Europe Strategic Issues
(No. 2, 2021. Security Science Journal)
The geopolitical focus on the Asia-Indo-Pacific Ocean complex has evolved into a geostrategic rivalry where China is seen as the main threat. This approach is reflected in the international security strategy. In addition, it also manifests itself in the practices of international organizations led by the West forces. We see the most important example of this in the European Union's view of China.
Objavljeno: 13 Dec 2021 05:52:00 PM
Digital Education: Security Challenges and Best Practices
(No. 2, 2021. Security Science Journal)
From this study, a cryptography mechanism arises as the best technique to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and authentication (CIA) of data on the e-platforms. However, it is not strong enough to mitigate cybersecurity attacks in e-learning systems. For that reason, it is suggested that the cryptography mechanism needs to be combined with other techniques such as biometric authentication, firewalls, IDS, digital watermarking, and security process models.
Objavljeno: 13 Dec 2021 05:39:00 PM
Human Factors in Cybersecurity: Risks and Impacts
(No. 2, 2021. Security Science Journal)
Cyber threats are constantly evolving. Many security incidents and data breaches are associated with the human factor. Respectively, this work highlights the importance of human factors in cybersecurity. Firstly, this article gives a brief overview of the topic and its significance. Then we present the most common risks in the cybersecurity field and their impacts.
Objavljeno: 13 Dec 2021 05:29:00 PM
NATO's Global Challenges and Russia's Cyberspatialities
For modern society, material, financial, labor, natural resources became commonplace. Estonia was the first state in Europe to carry out a massive cyber-attack in April and May 2007. That was why the states decided to get the first convention to defend their cyberspace as they defended their land, air, and sea spaces. 
Objavljeno: 13 Dec 2021 05:22:00 PM
In Afghanistan: Western and Soviet Methods of Counterinsurgency
(No. 2, 2021. Security Science Journal)
The current paper explores a few essential similarities and differences between the Soviet and American approaches to counterinsurgency. A thesis explored here suggests that although both campaigns failed, they both demonstrated minor successes in their objectives, while the fiascos were equally significant in both cases.
Objavljeno: 13 Dec 2021 04:58:00 PM
The Armed Resistance to the Taliban Regime in Afghanistan
(No. 2, 2021. Security Science Journal)
ISIS – K doesn't possess the capabilities to overthrow the Taliban government. Still, they can damage the credibility of the Taliban, which has claimed that it is the only group that can bring peace and stability to the country. The ethnic groups (the Shia Hazara and Uzbek and Tajik ethnic groups) are already under pressure in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan. 
Objavljeno: 13 Dec 2021 04:44:00 PM
Treatise on Postulates of Security Theory
(No. 1, 2021. Security Science Journal)
Security is one of the most strongly felt human needs, and therefore the issue of security has accompanied mankind throughout its civilized history. It could also be said that the history of mankind is the history of man's struggle to ensure his security.
Objavljeno: 03 Aug 2021 12:52:00 PM
Acculturation as an Instrument for Minimalization of Security Risks resulting From Immigration
(No. 1, 2021. Security Science Journal)
Human security is a concept, in which the deepening of contents of the term „security“ goes from a macro-level to a micro-level. The traditional concept of security takes into account only the state level and understands threats only to the state in itself, whereas human security redirects the attention towards the individual people. Societal sector, on the other hand, speaks of non-military threats to society and deepens the security concept even further. 
Objavljeno: 03 Aug 2021 12:51:00 PM
Women Agents in the East German State Security
(No. 1, 2021. Security Science Journal)
In the communist camp during the Cold War, exercising power was a male domain. The Ministry of State Security (MfS) of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) was no exception. Within the organization, women were employed but they rarely made a career. In the bottom of the State Security hierarchy were the agents. This article examines who were the women agents in the rank of the MfS.
Objavljeno: 03 Aug 2021 12:49:00 PM
National Security And Gender from Anthropological Perspectives
(No. 1, 2021. Security Science Journal)
There existed beliefs that females relate to nature and males to the culture, some researchers saw gender as a behavioral function of the sex. In the culture of hunters and gatherers gender was related to reproduction and food distribution, which stimulated the formation of the first artistic performances and the creation of beauty cosmetics and decoration.
Objavljeno: 03 Aug 2021 12:48:00 PM
To Make a Choice You Should Know The Option Physiological and Psychological Contribution of the Female Component in National Security and Intelligence
(No. 1, 2021. Security Science Journal)
The world is changing, women “are gain the upper hand” taking over also numerically and it is not realized that a change must happen in the field of Intelligence with a space left to women, not because they are women but because of their abilities. In all domains, from strategic to an operational one. Blindness to change that many Agencies are having.
Objavljeno: 03 Aug 2021 12:45:00 PM
Advancing Women in Peace And Security: Prom Promise to Action
(No. 1, 2021. Security Science Journal)
Overcoming gender bias has been increasingly important to counter ongoing threats to national and international security. The article focus on the institutional framework that exists for the participation of women in peace and security at the United Nations and NATO levels. It expands to the success story of women’s inclusiveness in the Jordanian armed forces, as well as to the challenges of health security, and concludes with a set of concrete policy recommendations.
Objavljeno: 03 Aug 2021 12:44:00 PM
Women and Security Contemporary Approaches And Issues
(No. 1, 2021. Security Science Journal)
The article discusses the contrasts between the traditional conception of security and feminist viewpoints on the issue. It presents the traditional realist viewpoint on security and discusses the representation of women in state security structures as well as their representation in international organizations. It briefly presents feminist criticisms of liberal origin concerning the lack of equal participation and representation in these power structures that affect everyone regardless of gender.
Objavljeno: 03 Aug 2021 12:36:00 PM
The Concept of Security in Ancient Greece: an Analysis Through Ancient Greek Intellectuals
(Vol. 1 No. 2, 2020: Security Science Journal)
The article reviews the concept of security (“ἀσφάλεια,” asfalia) and its meaning as stability against and prevention of possible falls, and to be protected from danger.
Objavljeno: 31 Dec 2020 02:39:00 PM
The Reaction of the Armed Forces to Hybrid Threats - the Greek Case
(Vol. 1 No. 2, 2020: Security Science Journal)
In this paper, after considering a strategy distillation, we will analyze the context of hybrid warfare in strategic planning, which is of particular concern to us in Greek-Turkish relations.
Objavljeno: 31 Dec 2020 02:36:00 PM
Regional Security - the Dynamics of the Russian Federation Military and Budget Support Provided to Abkhazia in 2008-2009
(Vol. 1 No. 2, 2020: Security Science Journal)
Both the Georgian-Abkhazian War of 1992-93 and the five-day War of 2008 led to the subsequent presence of the Russian Federation Armed Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Both de jure internationally unrecognized states without any Georgian governmental administration executive power over them present a major conflict seemingly frozen in time. „Status quo“ is represented on the Abkhazian and the South Ossetia side supported by their Russian patrons and by Georgia on the other side.
Objavljeno: 31 Dec 2020 02:28:00 PM
The Fate of the Western Balkans regional security Subcomplex - the Necessity of regional Cooperation
(Vol. 1 No. 2, 2020: Security Science Journal)
Relations between the countries of the Western Balkans are determined by unresolved issues from the past, very intense regional security dynamics, as well as projections of the interests of global powers. However, even in such circumstances, regional cooperation is imperative in the fight against terrorism, illegal migration, transnational organized crime, and other serious threats and challenges to regional security and stability. The paper will present the basic geopolitical and security characteristics of the regional security subcomplex Western Balkans.
Objavljeno: 31 Dec 2020 02:21:00 PM
The Conflict Theory as a Pillar of Security Science
(Vol. 1 No. 2, 2020: Security Science Journal)
Research on conflict theory has developed rapidly, particularly in the last 15 years. This note provides an overview of conflict theory utilizing a cross-classification, wherein such research is classified both by analytic approaches and by areas of application. The note also presents an extensive bibliography of publications in conflict theory. This contribution tries to present introductions to conflict theory as a pillar of security science and it`s importance to the national and international level today.
Objavljeno: 31 Dec 2020 02:16:00 PM
Anthropology in Security Science
(Vol. 1 No. 2, 2020: Security Science Journal)
Socio-cultural anthropology applied in security studies is a valuable and effective source of knowledge protecting all actors. Only with a proper understanding of the operational environment with its variables and elements, it is possible to assure effective and human use of power and military decision-making tools and methods.
Objavljeno: 31 Dec 2020 02:10:00 PM
Why Security Science
(Vol. 1 No. 2, 2020: Security Science Journal)
The development of society has led to a change of paradigms on which reflections and analyses about security, conflict and war rested. This, in turn, brings us to the situation of the need to change those paradigms of organization, principles, concepts, and theories of security as a new scientific discipline that should enable the continuation of safe and unhindered development of human society.
Objavljeno: 31 Dec 2020 02:06:00 PM
Georgia`s Security Environment and Combating Terrorism - New Challenges and Threat in 21st Century
(Vol. 1 No. 1, 2020: Security Science Journal)
Although Georgia is not among the countries with high risk of terrorist attack, there are some challenges in this respect. However, before estimating the threats coming from terrorism, first, we need to clarify conceptual meaning of security for Georgia and what are the main threats for it. Security environment in Georgia is linked with Russian occupation and terrorism, especially with Chechen fighters in Syria and Iraq who sometimes are associated with Pankisi gorge (east Georgia). 
Objavljeno: 31 Jul 2020 06:35:00 PM
A coming Age of Micro Game of Power: History and reality
(Vol. 1 No. 1, 2020: Security Science Journal)
The traditional theory of international relations, whether it is realism, liberalism, constructivism, or scientific behaviorism, define sovereign states as a unified body in international arena. It has consistent interests, and naturally also has consistent foreign policy goals and means. In the 20th century, and especially during the two World Wars and the Cold War, this conceptual abstraction was very accurate. But after the end of the Cold War, especially in the 21st century, this concept gradually went against the reality of international relations. 
Objavljeno: 31 Jul 2020 06:32:00 PM
Security as an Independent Scientific Discipline - A contribution to a Comprehensiove Security Study to Meet the Requirements of the Contemporary Globalized World
(Vol. 1 No. 1, 2020: Security Science Journal)
The field of ​​security is still dominantly studied within the context of some other academic discipline, principally social sciences, such as sociology and criminology.  However, there is a growing need to study security in the context of technological sciences, bearing in mind the increasing significance of security of information systems, databases and so on. Research has shown that the security field already has sufficient categories (fields) that would constitute its unique “corpus of knowledge”, as an important prerequisite for qualifying security as an independent science.
Objavljeno: 31 Jul 2020 06:29:00 PM
Actual Challenges, Risks and Security Safety
(Vol. 1 No. 1, 2020: Security Science Journal)
Security is one of the most common terms in the modern world. This statement is supported by the fact that the term security is used in a wide range of areas. The subject of this paper is national security and the challenges, risks and threats to that security in contemporary international relations.
Objavljeno: 31 Jul 2020 06:23:00 PM
Bridging the Gap Between "Science" and "Security"
(Vol. 1 No. 1, 2020: Security Science Journal)
Bridging the gap between the traditional definitions of science and the undefined definition of what is Security can be achieved through Scientific Security Research methodologies that will be engaged and implemented in the exploration, analysis and conclusions of the systematic and organized body of knowledge.
Objavljeno: 31 Jul 2020 06:19:00 PM
COVID-19 Pandemia: Did Jihadi Terror Movements Redefined Their Modus Operandum or is it Implementation of a Calculated Rationale Designated to Regain Territories & Assets
(Vol. 1 No. 1, 2020: Security Science Journal)
Religious terror movements have long since been associated with violent Jihad and suicide bombings. As such, associated Jihadist perpetrators operate according to specific Muslim Fatwas (Clerical permissions), in order to carry out suicide attacks against their chosen targets. These perpetrators proclaim their willing to die for a definitive cause, regardless of any danger, as they expect an affluent after life in heaven. As COVID 19 erupted, the world came to a standstill and closure. The new situation affected terror movements globally.
Objavljeno: 31 Jul 2020 06:13:00 PM
Albania and the Iranian Terror Threat
(Vol. 1 No. 1, 2020: Security Science Journal)
Albania, a close US ally has found itself on the frontline of the clash between the West and Iran and Albania has been at the center of terrorist activities organized by Iran, due to hosting the Mujahideen-e-Khalq (MEK).
Objavljeno: 31 Jul 2020 06:07:00 PM
Making Sense of Extremism in the Bosnian Football Terraces: An Initial Analysis
(Vol. 1 No. 1, 2020: Security Science Journal)
This paper presents an initial assessment of the results of a four-month research project studying Ultras in BiH. This research contributed to the Bosnia & Herzegovina Resilience Initiative (BHRI) Programme (implemented by the International Organization for Migration - United Nations, funded and closely coordinated with the U.S. Agency for International Development -USAID) aiming to reduce the threat of violent extremism in BiH and to counter extremist efforts to deepen or exploit communal tensions.
Objavljeno: 31 Jul 2020 06:01:00 PM
Security Science as a scientific Discipline - Technological Aspects
(Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Security Science Journal )
The paper argues the facts that the growth and expansion of its domain, in combination with its own procedures and methodologies, justifies the existence of Security Science. The paper starts with the global opinion overview of security as a scientific discipline. With the focus on technological segments, a possible scientific approach to security analysis (SA) is presented in detail. Finally, examples are provided regarding the use of mathematics modelling and tools for data analysis and interpretation in security domain.
Objavljeno: 31 Jul 2020 05:57:00 PM
Editorial
(Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020): Security Science Journal )
The first issue of the scientific journal Security Science for the year 2020 is in the front of you. Given that the selected scientific articles cover an array of topics security science, this issue is co-edited by Darko Trifunović, PhD, Institute for National and International Security, and Miomira Kostić, LLD, Institute for National and International Security, acting in the capacity of permanent editors.
Objavljeno: 31 Jul 2020 05:34:00 PM